India’s Plan for Four Days a Week – Centers new labor code


Microsoft started working four days a week and three days off as an experiment in its Japan office in 2019. Some French companies also adopted this model. New Zealand company Perpetual Guardian is also using the work four days a week, which the New Zealand government is closely monitoring. If this model is successful, it will be implemented across the country.

This model may soon be adopted in India as well. The central government is going to allow companies in the labor code. According to Labor Secretary Apoorva Chandra, companies can work for 12 hours daily for four days by giving them three days of paid leave in a week. He said that we are not forcing companies or employees but are giving options to adopt new work culture. This news has been widely covered by Indian Media. Have a look:

Is it a new idea?

The idea of ​​reducing workdays in a week is not new. This started only during the economic downturn of 1930 when the model of working 5 days a week i.e. 40 hours was adopted. It was in the 1920–30s that Ford Company owner Henry Ford also reduced working hours.


During the 2008 global economic downturn, Germany planned a short-term work called 'Kuzarbet'. Under this, their working hours were reduced instead of the employees being fired.

During the general Labor Party promised to arrange work for 4 days or 32 hours a week for the next 10 years without any salary elections in Britain last year, the cut.

The Dual Benefit- Both for Company and Employee:


Henley Business School surveyed business leaders and employees. It tried to know how the model of work four days a week had an impact on his life. More than half of the business leaders in the survey admitted that this increased employee satisfaction reduced illnesses and saved the company considerable money.


According to the report, the quality of life of 77% of the employees working four days a week was enhanced. New age employees used their vacation days to learn new skills, work on their own, and hang out.


Microsoft discharged 2300 employees in its Japan office for five consecutive weeks, without a salary, and on weekends as well. The company said this increased productivity and led to a 25% drop in employee leave. Electricity usage also decreased by 23% and 92% of employees said that they enjoyed working four days a week.


Problematic Aspects of India


Time to and From Office:

According to a survey by MoveInSync, an average employee spends two hours traveling to and from the office. Train congestion or road jam, unseasonal heat or unseasonal rains, bus pushes, or lack of cabs all of which reduces energy and enthusiasm while battling. After that, it is very difficult to reach the office and work 12 hours long shift.



Lengthy Office Meeting Culture:

According to the KPMG report, productivity is measured not by working hours but by its impact. The offices in India are known for long-running meetings. Which increases office attendance hours but not working hours. Umesh Pawar, Performance Head, KPMG, says, "When you have the option to work only four days a week, you cannot spend it in meetings."


Decreased Skill Set of workers:

According to a UNICEF report, half the youth of South Asia will not get jobs in the next decade due to lack of skill. Skilled employees will be required to reduce productivity from work four days a week. This model should be implemented only after the employees are prepared for it.


Hard Working Indians:

In a survey by Kronos, 69% of Indian employees said that they wanted to work on the existing salary only five days a week. They do not want a shorter working week. This attitude is a big hurdle in the path of 4-day working culture. According to Anne Soumya, HR director of Adecco Group India, traditional managers measure performance during working hours. Therefore, the employees have also fallen into the same structure. It is necessary to remove employees from this mindset before implementing the new model.


Alpha Eye Perspective:

Working days four days a week does not mean that in the meantime, employees get all the work done in four days instead of five in a week and squeeze their working hours. Therefore, the system currently being considered in India is not a role model. Therefore, the government needs to take any concrete steps in this direction right now.

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